Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is necessary to differentiate interviews as a technique of gathering information and interviewing being a genre. In the 1st case, interview, that is, communication with people, is certainly one of 3 ways to acquire information by way of a researcher. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness associated with event,
  • dealing with papers, where the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text in the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the traits of someone, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being discussed within the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative shall find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is meeting being a genre, being a method of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer together with answers regarding the interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the quantity of concerns associated with researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not merely asks questions, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, shows concerning the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be carried out with a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint of the journalist was also interesting to readers, due to the fact opinion of this interlocutor. If a regular journalist talks just as much or higher in a job interview as an interlocutor, this can be an indication of insufficient certification.

Types of interviews according to the topic. Subject interview

With respect to the subject, you will find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject hawaii of things in almost any industry of task. Often this will be an interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist exactly as much as he could be linked to this state of affairs. For instance, a police tells just how to protect a flat from thieves. The physician describes how exactly to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis would be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview topic, nor the private lifetime of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling for the subject interview comprises of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of this issue. Then there is a parsing regarding the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The topic interview finishes utilizing the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero associated with subject meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This is certainly a given information meeting, one of several news genres. The duty associated with journalist is always to learn whenever you can the main points and details of exactly what occurred. Such as the scenario of a specialist, the interlocutor’s communication with all the topic is very first shown, then a topic is deepened, while the ending is specialized in general impressions of what occurred while the conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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